Al Hillo

Distribution boards and panels

Our administration of small, medium, multinational, and significant public sector firms spans more than 30 years in the fields of industrial product management, marketing, and suppliers. Our marketing staff has extensive application knowledge across a range of industrial product varieties.
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Type of Distribution boards and panels

Types of electrical distribution boards:

Based on the application and requirements, here are some distribution boards (aka electrical panel boards) that one can choose:

Fuse Boxes:

A fuse box refers to a consumer unit where all the electricity is controlled and distributed. It’s important to know where it is located in your home because, in the event of an emergency, it is vital to find your fuse box with ease and turn it off to avoid a catastrophe. They contain three components – main switch, circuit breakers and residual current device.

Main Breaker Panel:

A commonly used distribution board, main breaker panels protect the circuits and keep an eye on the panel’s amperage capacity. They protect the circuits from getting overheated, with a breaker connected by 3 wires along each circuit. Incidentally, given its function, the main breaker panel can cut power to the house including the circuit breakers.

Main Lug Panel:

Main lug units are essentially used as a distribution board when there appears to be the main breaker upstream. Line wires run into these lugs, wherein the main lug panel can be used as a sub-panel when it is connected to a breaker from the main panel. In the event of an emergency, the disconnection at the meter can cut power without it entering the house.


Subpanels are easy to install, safer and efficient for homes. They are smaller and help in distributing power to a specific part of your home or area in the property, focusing as a satellite circuit breaker panel specifically convenient to the area it functions for. They get their power from the main panel and are free to adjust the current distribution around the area or property. They, however, do not have disconnects.

Transfer Switches:

A transfer switch shifts load between two electrical sources. Often described as a type of subpanel, transfer switches are best for backup power generators wherein they convert generator power to electrical power via the breaker panel. The idea is to have the best quality switchboard connection that ensures a seamless supply of power and guarantees safety. There are essentially two types of transfer switches – Manual Transfer Switches and Automatic Transfer Switches. Manual, like its name suggests, works when one operates the switch to generate the electrical load to the backup power. Automatic, on the other hand, is for when the utility source fails and the generator is used to provide electrical power temporarily. Automatic is considered more seamless and easy to use, with most homes opting for this convenient distribution board.

It is important to understand the different purposes of the distribution board. Bearing industrial uses in mind, different boards are suggested based on electricity and power usage and usage of cost-efficiency products. Here are some of the types of distribution boards used in industries:

  • Motor Control Centers (MCCs)
  • User-Friendly Human Machine Interface (HMI)
  • Operator Panels
  • Industrial Hydraulic Control Panels
  • Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Panels
  • Industrial Hydraulic Control Panels
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